`multipass launch` command

The multipass launch command without any argument will create and start a new instance based on the default image, using a random generated name:

$ multipass launch
Launched: relishing-lionfish

You can then shell into that instance by its name:

$ multipass shell relishing-lionfish

The full multipass help launch output explains the available options:

$  multipass help launch
Usage: multipass launch [options] [[<remote:>]<image> | <url>]
Create and start a new instance.

  -h, --help           Display this help
  -v, --verbose        Increase logging verbosity. Repeat the 'v' in the short
                       option for more detail. Maximum verbosity is obtained
                       with 4 (or more) v's, i.e. -vvvv.
  -c, --cpus <cpus>    Number of CPUs to allocate.
                       Minimum: 1, default: 1.
  -d, --disk <disk>    Disk space to allocate. Positive integers, in bytes, or
                       with K, M, G suffix.
                       Minimum: 512M, default: 5G.
  -m, --mem <mem>      Amount of memory to allocate. Positive integers, in
                       bytes, or with K, M, G suffix.
                       Minimum: 128M, default: 1G.
  -n, --name <name>    Name for the instance. If it is 'primary' (the
                       configured primary instance name), the user's home
                       directory is mounted inside the newly launched instance,
                       in 'Home'.
  --cloud-init <file>  Path to a user-data cloud-init configuration, or '-' for
  --network <spec>     Add a network interface to the instance, where <spec> is
                       in the "key=value,key=value" format, with the following
                       keys available:
                        name: the network to connect to (required), use the
                       networks command for a list of possible values, or use
                       'bridged' to use the interface configured via `multipass
                       set local.bridged-network`.
                        mode: auto|manual (default: auto)
                        mac: hardware address (default: random).
                       You can also use a shortcut of "<name>" to mean
  --bridged            Adds one `--network bridged` network.
  --timeout <timeout>  Maximum time, in seconds, to wait for the command to
                       complete. Note that some background operations may
                       continue beyond that. By default, instance startup and
                       initialization is limited to 5 minutes each.

  image                Optional image to launch. If omitted, then the default
                       Ubuntu LTS will be used.
                       <remote> can be either ‘release’ or ‘daily‘. If <remote>
                       is omitted, ‘release’ will be used.
                       <image> can be a partial image hash or an Ubuntu release
                       version, codename or alias.
                       <url> is a custom image URL that is in http://, https://,
                       or file:// format.

The only, optional, positional argument is the image to launch an instance from. See the multipass find documentation for information on what images are available. It’s also possible to provide a full URL to the image (use file:// for an image available on the host running multipassd).

You can change the resources made available to the instance by passing any of --cpu, --disk, --mem options, allowing for more CPU cores, disk space or RAM, respectively.

If you want your instance to have a name of your choice, use --name. It has to be unique, two instances can’t share the same name.

By passing a filename to --cloud-init, you can provide “user data” to cloud-init to customize the instance on first boot. See their documentation for examples.

The --network option allows launching instances with additional network interfaces [since version 1.6.0].

Passing --bridged and --network bridged are shortcuts to --network <name>, where <name> is configured via multipass set local.bridged-interface. [since version 1.7.0].

Use --timeout if you need to change how long Multipass waits for the machine to boot and initialize [since version 1.7.0].

Last updated 3 months ago.